Matt, Rams staff editor
Biotechnology is the use of living systems and organisms to develop products. It can be used for any technology involved with biological systems or living organisms to make or modify products or processes for specific use.
Biotechnology has led to the development of antibiotics. In 1928, Alexander Fleming discovered mold. Howard Florey's work led to the antibiotic formed by the mold. In 1940, penicillin became available for medicinal use to treat bacterial infections.
There are different types of biotechnology. For example, bio-pharmaceutical technologies which manufacture medicines and antibiotics. Environmental biotechnology which is a hugely expanding industry in the 21st century. Those involved in Environmental tech study the natural environment and find more efficient ways of creating reusable energy.
Bioprocessing involves using micro-organisms and enzymes to develop different products. It has been used for hundreds of years to make breads, yeast and yogurt from cultures.
None of the different types of biotechnology are even close to being the same in any way. Every type has an entirely different topic on which they focus. There are no two types that are the same. In the future, biotechnology of all types could be the most relevant endeavor in the world. Even those we can't imagine right now.